The chapter of the Bankruptcy Act, which provides for “liquidation”, i.e. the sale of a debtor`s unvaccinated assets and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors. To qualify for Chapter 7, the debtor must meet a “resource test.” The court assesses the debtor`s income and expenses to determine whether the debtor can proceed under Chapter 7. A legal process to address individual and corporate debt issues; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of Title 11 of the United States Code (the Bankruptcy Code). French, which means “on the bench”. All judges of an appeals court sit together to hear a case, as opposed to the routine injunction by panels of three judges. In the Ninth District, a Bench Panel consists of 11 randomly selected judges. The bankruptcy Code`s statutory order of precedence for unsecured claims, which determines the order in which unsecured claims are paid if there is not enough money to pay all unsecured claims in full. The historical roots of the term come from judges who used to sit on long seats or benches (freestanding or on a wall) when presiding over a court.  The bench is usually a raised desk that allows a judge to see the entire courtroom.
Banking was a typical feature of the courts of the Order of St. John in Malta, as in the Castellania, where judges and the panel of lawyers appointed for judicial proceedings and review laws sat.  confirmed – judgment of the courts of appeal in which the order or order is declared valid and applies as decided in lower instance. The bank is used to designate a group of judges as a collective whole. It is a court or a place where justice is done. To appear before the plenary means to appear before all the judges of the Court. Bank refers to the seat where the judge sits in the courtroom, and the term is used to refer to the judge. It can be used to describe all the judges of a particular court, such as the bank of the second circle or “complete bank”, which refers to all the judges of a court.
It can also refer to judges in general, as in “banking and bar”, a collective term for judges and lawyers. 1. The point of dispute between the parties to a dispute; 2. Ship officially, as in a court that issues an order. The Glossary of Legal Terms defines more than 100 of the most common legal terms in easy-to-understand language. The terms are listed in alphabetical order and can be best accessed by choosing a letter here: Similar to a preliminary injunction, this is a short-term order from a judge that prohibits certain actions until a full hearing can take place. Often referred to as TRO. Injunction – Prohibits a person from taking any action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it can be issued immediately, without notice to the other party and without a hearing. It should only last until a hearing can take place.
Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins to deliberate on the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules it must apply. Sentence – A court-ordered sentence for an accused convicted of a crime. Federal courts follow the guidelines of the United States Sentencing Commission when deciding on the appropriate sentence for a particular crime. An unsecured claim that is entitled to be paid before other unsecured claims that are not entitled to priority status. Priority refers to the order in which such unsecured claims are to be paid. Action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant on the basis of a claim that the defendant had failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. A court decision in a previous case with facts and legal issues similar to a legal dispute currently being heard by a court. Judges “generally follow precedents,” that is, they apply the principles established in previous cases to rule on new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was tried incorrectly or that it differed significantly from the current case in some way.
Jurisdiction – (1) The legal power of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction occurs when two courts have jurisdiction in the same case at the same time. Some issues may be heard in state and federal courts. The plaintiff first decides where to sue, but in some cases, the defendant may try to change courts.